Edict of Septimius Severus and Caracalla declaring so-called mutual security illegal
( January 27 - February 25, AD 200 )

P. Mich. IX, 529 v, 39-53 = SB XIV, 11863  ( Duke Data Bank of Documentary Papyri ).

[Αὐ]τοκράτωρ Καῖ[σαρ] Λούκιος Σεπτί[μιος Σεουῆρος] | [Εὐσε]βὴς Περτίναξ Σε[β]αστὸς Ἀραβικὸ[ς Ἀδιαβηνικὸς] | [Παρ]θικὸς μέγιστος καὶ Αὐτοκράτω[ρ Καῖσαρ Μάρκος] | [Αὐρ]ήλιος Ἀντωνῖνος Εὐσεβὴς Σεβ[αστὸς λέγουσιν·] | [ἔτι] πολλῶν ἐντυχόντων ὥσ[τε ἀφεθῆναι τ̣ο̣ῦ̣] | [ὑπ]έραλλα ἀπαιτεῖσθαι ὡς ἐξ ἀλλ[ηλεγγύης παρὰ τὰ] | [ἄν]ωθεν διατεταγμένα ἀν[αγκαῖον ἡγη]-|[σά]μεθα τὸ προηγορευμένον ἔ[κθεμαπάλινἀγο(?)]-|[ρε]ύειν μηδένα ἀπαιτεῖ[σθαι ὑπέραλλα μήτε πα]-|[τέ]ρα ὑπὲρ υἱοῦ μήτε [υἱὸν ὑπὲρ πατρὸς μήτε] | [ἄλ]λ̣ον ὑπὲρ ἄλλου μήτε ..[..]χ[ - ca. ? - ] | [...]εσθαι προφάσει ἀπαιτήσεως [ἡστινοσοῦν(?) .] | [ἐὰ]ν δέ τις φωραθῇ ὑπέραλλα ἀπαιτ[ῶν ὑ̣β̣ρ̣ι̣σ̣τ̣ι̣κ̣ῶ̣ς̣] | [τιν]α οὐ τὸν τυχόντα κίνδυνον ὑφ[έξει vac.?] | [πρ]οετέθη ἐν Ἀλεξανδρίᾳ (ἔτους) η Μεχ[εὶρ .. vac.?]

English translation ( Advanced Papyrological Information System ).

The Emperor Caesar Lucius Septimius Severus Pius Pertinax Augustus Arabicus Adiabenicus Parthicus Maximus and the Emperor Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Pius Augustus declare: Since many still petition to be freed from being forced, contrary to prior edicts, to pay levies of others as if on mutual security, we deem it necessary to reaffirm our previously proclaimed edict on this matter, viz. that no one is to be forced to pay levies of another Co neither a father for a son, nor a son for a father, nor anyone for anyone else Co nor substituted(?) for another under the claim of such collection. If anyone is revealed contemptuously collecting levies of another from anyone, he will suffer no ordinary danger. Posted in Alexandria, year 8, Mecheir [. .]

►  Bibliography

Taubenschlag, JJP, 6, 1952, pp. 121-142 ; Husselman, Michigan Papyri, IX, Cleveland, 1971, n. 529 ;
Lewis, CdE, 50, 1975, pp. 205-206 ; Rupprecht & Hengstl, Sammelbuch griechischer Urkunden aus Aegypten, XIV, Wiesbaden, 1981-83, n. 11863 ; Oliver, Greek Constitutions of Early Roman Emperors from Inscriptions and Papyri, Philadelphia, 1989, n. 254 ; Pestman & Rupprecht, Berichtigungsliste der griechischen Papyrusurkunden aus Aegypten, VIII, Leiden, 1992, p. 375 / IX, p. 276 ; Coriat, Le prince législateur : La technique législative des Sévères et les méthodes de création du droit impérial à la fin du principat, Roma, 1997, p. 479 ; Sharp in Eck, Lokale Autonomie und römische Ordnungsmacht in den kaiserzeitlichen Provinzem vom 1. bis 3. Jahrhundert, München, 1999, p. 231 ; Ando, Imperial ideology and provincial loyalty in the Roman Empire, Berkeley-Los Angeles-London, 2000, p. 112 ; Papathomas, ZPE, 131, 2000, pp. 130-131 ; Jördens in Wiemer, Staatlichkeit und politisches Handeln in der römischen Kaiserzeit, Berlin, 2006, p. 91 ; Morelli in Hoogendijk & Muhs, Sixty-five papyrological texts presented to Klaas A. Worp on the occasion of his 65th birthday, Leiden, 2008, p. 155.

►  Source : Papyrus from Karanis dated after July 2 AD 237.