( 89 BC  )

( Johnson, Coleman-Norton & Bourne, Ancient Roman Statutes, Austin, 1961, p. 63, n. 60


   This document is the earliest example of a lex data ( administrative decree ) issued by a general under the authority of a lex rogata ( legislative act ) enacted by an assembly. It is a decree of Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo, father of Pompey the Great ( Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus ), and it confers Roman citizenship as well as other rewards upon Spanish cavalrymen serving with his forces at the sieges of Firmum and of Asculum, Italian towns in the territory of Picenum along the Adriatic Sea, during the Social War ( 91-88 B.C. ).
While this decree was made in Pompey's camp at Asculum, its copy was preserved in Rome, Italy, where two bronze fragments of it were found in 1908 and 1910.

Cn. Pompeius Sex. [f. imperator] virtutis causa | equites Hispanos ceives [Romanos fecit in castr]eis apud Asculum a. d. XIV k. dec. | ex lege Iulia.
The general Gnaeus Pompeius, son of Sextus, for their valor made Spanish cavalrymen Roman citizens in camp at Asculum on November 17 in accordance with the Julian Law.
in consilio [fuerunt :
In the advisory council were ...
Turma Sallvitana
The Salluitan squadron ...
Cn. Pompeius Sex. f. imperator | virtutis caussa turmam | Sallvitanam donavit in | castreis apud Asculum | cornuculo et patella, torque, | armilla, palereis ; et frumentum | duplex.
The general Gnaeus Pompeius, son of Sextus, for their valor presented the Salluitan squadron in camp at Asculum with a helmet-horn and a plate, a necklace, a bracelet, breast-bosses, and a double ration of grain.