189-167 BC )

( Johnson, Coleman-Norton & Bourne, Ancient Roman Statutes, Austin, 1961, pp. 58-59, n. 54 ).

      The date of this treaty can be determined only by internal evidence. In form it resembles those made with Astypalaea, Methymna, and Callatis and therefore may be placed in the period when they were struck. The reference to the violation of covenants in the beginning of the preserved portion of the treaty implies some kind of defensive alliance made by neighboring cities of Cibyra, and this situation might apply best to the Mithradatic Wars rather than to war with the pirates, which seems to be the reason for the treaties of 105 B.C. Dittenberger was inclined to date the treaty 189-167 B.C.
      This inscription on limestone was found at Chorzum, Asia Minor, before 1905.


      . . . But if anyone takes the initiative in bringing war upon the people of Rome or violates the treaty, then the people of Cibyra shall give aid to the people of Rome, as is fitting, insofar as it is possible for the people of Cibyra to do so in accordance with their treaty and oaths.
      And if the people of Rome and the people of Cibyra by joint agreement desire to add anything to this treaty or to take anything therefrom, it shall be permissible by the joint official agreement of each party so desiring. Whatever they add to the treaty shall be part thereof and whatever they take therefrom shall be of no effect.
      And they shall record this treaty on bronze tablets and erect them in Rome in the Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus and at Cibyra on the base of the golden statue of Roma, which they authorized.